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Delvina
 

Delvina is because of a mountain-slope. Apart from the beatiful situation in particular the castle is worth seeing. In the level underneath the city is antiquity the Phoinike.. It's a peaceful little town where anyone can find his harmony enjoying people's friendship.is a small town in Southern Albania , for 16 km northeast from Saranda . Delvina is principal place of the circle of the same name. Delvina lost since 1990 at least one third of its citizens and has today still 4,200 inhabitants (estimation 2004).

The city is because of a mountain-slope. It has a mosque and an orthodox church. On close convenient mountain are the remainders of a medieval castle. In the level underneath the city is the antique Phoinike.

The Turkish traveler Evliya elebi visited around 1670 Delvina and gives some information about the city in his travel book. It knows to report that Delvina in the Middle Ages was first in Spanish hand (with Spaniards the Catalan mercenaries are probably gemeit, in 14. Century their nuisance in Epirus and Greece floated). Afterwards the Venezianer some time rulers was over the city. To Evliya elebis times was Ajaz pasha, a native Albanian, Sandschak Bey of Delvina. The Sandschak of Delvina covered 24 Zeamets and 155 Timare. There was a Turkish garrison, whose command on the castle was from Delvina.



According the description of elebis the small fortress had a good cisterne, an ammunition depot and a small mosque. In the city reports elebi were about 100 houses covered with bricks had. These stood relatively far apart and nearly each house were provided with a fastened tower. But a townwall was missing. There was several mosques, three Medreses and about 80 stores as well as an open market place. About the inhabitants elebi says that they would speak all Albanian and nobody Greek understand.

In 17th century was Delvina thus a flowering eastern city with predominantly Muslim population. Orthodox Christians probably lived in the adjacent villages, where are received until today still some old churches.

Up to the Second World War a small Jewish community existed in Delvina. It concerned Jews from Spain, who had come under the osmanian rule to Delvina and had close connections to the large Jewish community in Ioannina . Nearly all Jews emigrated after the war to Israel.


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